Iran Facts and Articles

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What to wear in Iran? Iran Dress Code

Iran Dress Code

If you have decided to travel to Iran, you are probably wondering about Iran dress code. As complicated as it seems, you will get the hang of it once you’re in Iran. But here are some tips before you arrive in the country.

Women should cover their hair and wear long sleeve blouse reaching the top of their knees. Scarf is the most common covering for head and is called “Roosari” in Farsi.  The body should be covered with loose clothes like man shirt, coat or Manteau. There is no need to wear Chador unless entering a holy place where one would be provided. We do also suggest you to search it up and look at some images of how Iranian women dress, that could help a lot.

Men can wear shirt and t-shirts, pants and jeans but better not to wear shorts. There’s no obligation regarding the color of the clothing of both men and women in Iran.

 

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Iran City | Provinces and Cities of Iran

Iran City

Iran consists of many provinces. Each province has smaller sections known as city, town, district and village. According to the latest divisions in 1395, the country has 31 provinces and 268 cities. Tehran is the Largest Iran City.

The 31 provinces are:

West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan, Ardabil, Isfahan, Alborz, Ilam, Bushehr, Tehran, Chahar Mahal Bakhtiyari, South Khorasan, Khorasan Razavi, North Khorasan, Khuzestan, Zanjan, Semnan, Sistan, Fars, Qazvin, Qom, Kurdistan, Kerman, Kermanshah, Kohgiluyeh Boyer Ahmad, Golestan, Gilan, Lorestan, Mazandaran, Markazi, Hormozgan, Hamadan, Yazd.

The five biggest cities of Iran are Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan, Karaj and Shiraz.

Learn about the popular cities and destinations of Iran here:

Iran Destinations

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Iran Weather | Iran Climate

Iran Weather | Iran Climate

The country has a variable climate. Iran Weather changes from a city to another and in different season. In most of the country, Spring and fall are mild while summer is dry and hot. Winters are cool but are a lot colder in the north and north-west areas. Summers are very hot in some of the southern provinces, such as Khuzestan and Hormozgan and the Islands in the south.

In general, because of the vast desert areas in the center of Iran, the weather is hot and dry in the summer, but being a country of four season, one can experience all kinds of the climate in a year and while you can enjoy the very mild and cool weather in Tehran in Spring, you can spend your time skiing in Ardabil in the north-western part.


					
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Iran Nature | Natural Attractions of Iran

Iran Nature

7% of the country contains forests. The most extensive growths are on the mountain slopes rising from the Caspian Sea. The forests endemic to the northern part of Iran are Hirkani Forests and one can also find Hara forest in the southern part of Iran specially in Qeshm Island. The Caspian Sea on the north and the Persian gulf on the south and their amazing coastline attract many travelers to themselves each year.

Being surrounded by Zagros range from the west and the Alborz range from the North, the plains on the foothills and the lakes are all one can except from Iran’s beautiful nature. Except for the green attractions, the mesmerizing desert with all the solitude and greatness is also the amazing unique feature of Iran Nature.

The diverse wildlife also attracts travelers each year. Wildlife of Iran is  composed of several animal species including bears, gazelles, wild pigs, wolves, jackals, panthers, Eurasian lynx, and foxes. Domestic animals include, sheep, goats, cattle, horses, water buffalo, donkeys, and camels. The pheasant, partridge, stork, eagles and falcon are also native to Iran.

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Iran Culture | The Persian Culture and Art

Iran Culture

Fundamental factors shaping Iran culture can be found in the Persian Empire (Achaemenid), Sassanid era, Arab’s invasion, Mongol and Safavid attacks.
To understand the Iranian culture, one should also look at the independent states around Iran. Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan and also even Armenia and Georgia as well as Iraqi Kurds and Turkey and Pakistan. These have also more or less inherited a part of the Persian culture. Even the national anthem of Pakistan is in Persian.
In general, the main elements that have influenced the Persian culture are as followed:
-Persian Language, The philosophy, religions and rituals of Zoroastrianism and Mithraism, Iranian art (literature and Persian poetry, Persian architecture and Iranian food) local cultures, Islam, different ethnic groups, Modernity.
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Iran Geography | Geographical features of Iran

Iran Geography

If you have decided to visit Iran, you might also want to learn about Iran Geography. Iran is 1648198 square kilometers or 636,375 square miles. It is one of the countries in South-West (Middle East). Its neighbors are Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east, Turkmenistan in north-east, Azerbaijan and Armenia in the north-west, Turkey and Iraq in the West, and also Oman Sea in the south.

Iran is a very rugged country of plateaus and mountains.  The Alburz Mountains surround Iran in the north, and the Zagros Mountains in western borders. The mountains have helped to shape the political and also the economic history of the country for several centuries.

The center of Iran consists of several basins that collectively are referred to as the Central Plateau.  Dasht-e Kavir is a salty desert plateau, that in the heat of summer is one of the hottest places on the planet. Except for some scattered oasis these deserts are uninhabited. These deserts have been an extraordinary attraction to travelers for many years.

All of this results in the great diversity of the climate and nature in Iran.

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Iran History

Iran History

Hegel considered Iranians kingdom as the first emperor in the history. Iran History has been mostly noted beginning with the arrival of the Aryans to the Iranian plateau. But one also should notice that many ancient civilizations had blown and faded away in this place before and some were still flourishing.
Civilizations such as Noshijan in Malayer, the Burnt City in Sistan, Elamite in north of Khuzestan, the civilization of Jiroft in Kerman, Tappeh Sialk in Kashan, the civilization of Urartu in Azerbaijan, civilization of Gyan hill in Nahavand, the civilization of Mannayyan in Kurdistan and Azerbaijan and civilization Kasyha mentioned in Lorestan.
Elamite or Elamites ruled most of the southern part of Iran. The Medes and their kingdom were one of the most influential; and also powerful dynasties of the ancient Persia and the capital of their kingdom was Susa.
Many other powerful dynasties ruled Persia after the Medes but the most well-known and powerful of all were the Achaemenids with their king being Cyrus the great. He expanded Iran’s border greatly in his time and  his name has been remembered since then in all around the world. While he ruled Iran, he chose Pasargadae as his capital.
After the Achaemenids, Solukian, Partian and Sasanian ruled Persia.
The chapter of Sasanian was closed after Arabs invaded Iran, the post-Islamic eras are a lot, but one of the most important one are the Safavid. A lot of post-Islamic masterpieces and works of art belongs to this era such as the architecture in Isfahan.  The order of the post Islamic dynasty are as follows:
Zyarityan, Boeeyan, Ghaznaviyan, Seljuk, Kharazmshahian, Ilkanid, Teimurid, Safavid, Afshariyan, Zandiyan, Qajar and Pahlavi.
During the government of each, a new form of art flourished.
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Persian Food

Persian Food

Iranian culinary styles have shared historical interactions with the cuisines of the neighboring regions, including Caucasian cuisine, abroad Kurdish cuisine, Turkish cuisine, Levantine cuisine, Greek cuisine, Central Asian cuisine, and Russian cuisine.Through the Persianized Central Asian Mughal dynasty, aspects of Iranian cuisine were adopted into North Indian cuisine and because of that one will see the some similar elements in both.  Persian Food has always been popular around the world.

It is said that there are more than 3,200 Persian local foods. Typical Iranian main dishes are combinations of rice with meat (such as lamb, chicken, or fish), vegetables (such as onions and various herbs), and also nuts. Fresh green herbs are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranate, quince, prunes, apricots, and raisins.

Iranians use spices a lot but not as much as Indians.

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