If you have decided to visit Iran, you might also want to learn about Iran Geography. Iran is 1648198 square kilometers or 636,375 square miles. It is one of the countries in South-West (Middle East). Its neighbors are Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east, Turkmenistan in north-east, Azerbaijan and Armenia in the north-west, Turkey and Iraq in the West, and also Oman Sea in the south.
Iran is a very rugged country of plateaus and mountains. The Alburz Mountains surround Iran in the north, and the Zagros Mountains in western borders. The mountains have helped to shape the political and also the economic history of the country for several centuries.
The center of Iran consists of several basins that collectively are referred to as the Central Plateau. Dasht-e Kavir is a salty desert plateau, that in the heat of summer is one of the hottest places on the planet. Except for some scattered oasis these deserts are uninhabited. These deserts have been an extraordinary attraction to travelers for many years.
All of this results in the great diversity of the climate and nature in Iran.